Tea Party winners: Janet Grunst's Amazon Gift card winner is: Anne Payne, her book winner is: Sydney Anderson, Elaine Marie Cooper's winner is Karen Hadley, Carrie Fancett Pagels' Tea Cup Courtship Collection goes to: Marilyn Ridgeway , Vicki McCollum's winners are:, Gabrielle Meyer's winners are:
Monday, January 21, 2013
AFRICAN-AMERICANS AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
AND THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
we remember Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the work he did to promote equal treatment
and opportunity for all. This champion of the African-American civil rights
movement, and Baptist preacher, pursued his goal by way of non-violent civil
disobedience. In his 1963 WashingtonD.C. speech “I have a dream”,
two particular lines stand out above all others to me.
"I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and
live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be
self-evident: that all men are created equal.' . . .
I have a dream that my four little
children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the
color of their skin but by the content of their character."
The story of
African-American patriots goes back to the very beginning of our nation – those
who served in the American Revolution. As
early as 1770, black Americans were supporting the Patriot cause. One of the
first battles was the March 5, 1770 Boston Massacre which
aimed to remove British troops from Boston. Crispus Attucks was
one of a group of dock workers, sailors, apprentices, and servants who were
antagonizing British soldiers on the Boston Commons. Attucks, a black patriot,
led the charge and was the first to lose his life.
1975 Postage Stamp honoring Salem Poor
Poor, a freed black slave, was one of the Minutemen who fought at Concord, Massachusetts in April of 1775. He
also served at the battles of Bunker Hill, Saratoga, and Stony Point.
In November of 1775, the English royal governor
of Virginia, Lord Dunmore, issued a proclamation declaring martial law, that
all Patriots were traitors, and promising freedom for any slaves who would join
the Loyalist cause. He thought a slave uprising would create a fear among the
Patriots, cause mistrust between master and slave, and make the Patriots back
down from seeking independence. It’s estimated that somewhere between 800 and
2,000 slaves from both Loyalist and Patriot owners enlisted with Dunmore; however it was short
lived as Dunmore fled the colony in 1776,
taking only 300 former slaves with him.
Those slaves who joined the Loyalist or Patriot
cause were not motivated by revenge against their masters but for the
opportunity to secure their freedom. The decision to support one cause or the
other was as divided in black families as it was in white ones. This was
perhaps our first civil war, separating families and friends.
contradiction of white Patriots desiring independence from Britain while owning slaves
caused many whites, including southerners, to begin to question the institution
of slavery. Many slaves, promised freedom for their service, fought on the side
of the Patriots. The Sons of the American Revolution estimate that as many as
20,000 may have served. The pursuit of liberty united black and white
Americans and the war was won.