On a warm and sunny March day recently, my friend author Cynthia Howerter and I (and her husband and my son!) ventured out to Colonial Williamsburg. I have lived in the area almost twenty years and have been a CW member for much of that time and have visited many times. But the weaver's shop was never open on the days I visited (or I didn't have time to stop). But blessedly, on this day, a talented weaver was present and we got to go inside and also watch a session.
The weaver has to push the long wooden rod forward to move the two intersecting sets of yarn/thread. Below is a closeup of the intersecting threads on the loom.
Weavers, in England, were traditionally men. As our weaver continued the process, she was producing the cream-colored fabric on the larger roll, below! I think it is really lovely. This cloth produced pieces that would then be stitched together to form blankets, e.g., for soldiers.
Colonial Williamsburg's post about their Weaver.
For more about textiles production in Colonial America, check out Pegg Thomas's post on Fulling Houses.