By Susan F. Craft
|Mrs. Penelope Barker|
From the Morning Chronicle and London Advertiser, January 16, 1775, came the following account of the Edenton Tea Party and the only authentic list of signers of the resolutions.
Abagail Charlton Mary Blount
F. Johnstone Elizabeth Creacy
Margaret Cathcart Elizabeth Patterson
Anne Johnstone Jane Wellwood
Margaret Pearson Mary Woolard
Penelope Dawson Sarah Beasley
Jean Blair Susannah Vail
Grace Clayton Elizabeth Vail
Frances Hall Elizabeth Vail
Mary Jones Mary Creacy
Anne Hall Mary Creacy
Rebecca Bondfield Ruth Benbury
Sarah Littlejohn Sarah Howcott
Penelope Barker Sarah Hoskins
Elizabeth P. Ormond Mary Littledle
M. Payne Sarah Valentine
Elizabeth Johnston Elizabeth Crickett
Mary Bonner Elizabeth Green
Lydia Bonner Mary Ramsay
Sarah Howe Anne Horniblow
Lydia Bennet Mary Hunter
Marion Wells Tresia Cunningham
Anne Anderson Elizabeth Roberts
Sarah Mathews Elizabeth Roberts
Anne Haughton Elizabeth Roberts
The Edenton Tea Party shocked the Western world, and when news of it reached Britain, because it was a political effort by women, it was met with ridicule and sarcasm.
|British newspaper caricature of the |
Edenton Tea Party
For example, in January 1775, Arthur Iredell wrote the following to his brother, James Iredell:
Is there a female congress at Edenton, too? I hope not, for we Englishmen are afraid of the male congress, but if the ladies, who have ever since the Amazonian era been esteemed the most formidable enemies: if they, I say, should attack us, the most fatal consequence is to be dreaded. So dextrous in the handling of a dart, each wound they give is mortal: whilst we, so unhappily formed by nature, the more we strive to conquer them, the more we are conquered. The Edenton ladies, conscious, I suppose, of this superiority on their side, by a former experience, are willing, I imagine, to crush us into atoms by their omnipotency: the only security on our side to prevent the impending ruin, that I can perceive, is the probability that there are but few places in America which possess so much female artillery as Edenton.
Although political resistance was common in the 1770s, an organized women’s movement was not. Until Mrs. Barker and her friends took their action, women simply did not engage in political discourse in the US or abroad. Their actions were even more extraordinary, for where the men of the Boston Tea Party wore costumes and face paint to hide their identity, these Edenton wives and mothers wanted to send the king a clear and strong message, so they courageously signed their names to their petition, knowing that they were committing an act of treason against British rule.
There was one unexpected consequence brought about by the Edenton Tea Party. Mrs. Barker’s husband Thomas was stationed in London as North Carolina’s appointed agent to Parliament. When word came that his wife had organized a rebellion at home, he was forced to flee to France and did not return to North Carolina until 1778.
|Edenton, NC Tea Party Commemorative Monument|
Sometimes called the Edenton Rebellion, the event later became known as the Edenton Tea Party and was one of the earliest organized women’s political actions in United States history. It was a valiant representation by American women of the frustrations with English rule and the need for separation and independence.